You can safely say that the Uffizi, besides being the art gallery the most ancient in the world, are the most important italian museum, as well as one of the biggest in Europe and the whole world, visited by more than one million people a year. The works belonging to the museum are about 4800, of which approximately 2000 exposed (1000 paintings, 300 sculptures, 46 tapestries, 14 between furniture and ceramics, most other 700 paintings contained in the Vasari Corridor); the remaining is divided between deposits and loans to other museums. In this huge mass of works, there are countless masterpieces, nor lacks
The building that houses the Gallery was wanted, around the middle of 500, by Cosimo I, in an area between the Palazzo Vecchio and the Arno, to contain the public offices (from which the name); they were partly incorporated in the building is the church of San Pietro Scheraggio of the XI century, and the Old Mint, where you coniavano ì Fiorini, the famous Florentine coins. The project was entrusted to Giorgio Vasari great and eclectic figure of the art of the time that it was built between 1559 and the year of his death (and of the death of Cosimo, 1574); the building, original, is structured on two long porticoed wings, joined by a third body of works that opens on the Arno with a magnifiBuontalenti, who built the great Medici Theater (suppressed in 1890) and the famous Tribune; contemVenus, said then "doctors" and other remarkable ancient sculptures; Anna Maria Ludovica, constituent Palatina and last Medici heir, expanded the collection with Flemish paintings and Germans and in his testament made a gift of the entire collection to the Tuscan State (1743). Finally, in the nineteenth century, with the Napoleonic spoliation (only in part returned) and especially with the creation of new specialized museums (Archaeological, Bargello Museum, Fra Angelico, scientific museums, Museo degli Argenti, etc.) the Uffizi took on its current appearance.
From the vestibule of the ticket office is accessed, facing the entrance to an environment path to the center by an elevated walkway. Its walls are exposed are the famous frescoes with illustrious men, that Andrea del Castagno painted for the villa Pandolfini Legnaia. Depict famous characters of history and literature: from right, Sibilici Cumana, Boccaccio and Petrarch, Dante, Farinata degli Uberti, Pippo Spano, queen Esther the queen and Tomiri. This environment and the next are newly accommodation, belong to the ancient church of San Piero Scheraggio, incorporated in the palace of the Uffizi. The second environment corresponds to the apse area of the church, there are, in addition to the remains of the original decoration, works of Tuscan masters of the Fourteenth Century. In a room on the right is the beautiful Annunciation, Sandro Botticelli. The great staircase vasariano, leading to the upper floors, is adorned with sculptures of different ages, among which many ancient, especially Roman copies of Greek original. On the first floor, on the left is the entrance to the Drawings and Prints Cabinet, unique in its kind in the world, with a rich collection, started by Cardinal Leopoldo de' Medici and composed of more than 100,000 pieces of italian and foreign artists.
On the second floor, after crossing a vestibule with ancient sculptures, one enters the first corridor of the GALLERY real.