The Accademia Gallery
The Academy of Fine Arts of Florence was founded in 1563 as drawing school. Until a few years ago it was joined to the Gallery founded in 1784 by Grand Duke Peter Leopold.
There are preserved many of the most important works of Michelangelo.
Among all dominates the David (1504): the statue was commissioned by the city government and, once finished, was arranged before the Palazzo Vecchio, raising Michelangelo at the pier of greatest sculptor of the time, just 29 years. In 1873 the statue was moved inside the Academy, to protect it and its place in the Piazza della Signoria was put a copy. A second copy stands at the center of the piazzale Michelangelo.
Other michelangioleschi masterpieces here preserved are the statue of San Matteo, finished in 1506 and the Prisons, group representing four studs, sculpted between 1529 and 1530 for the mausoleum of Pope Julius II. Donated to the Medici in 1564 by the artist nephew, the four muscular figures that appear to fight to get rid of the stone are among the most dramatic works of its production. The statues were then moved to the Grotta del Buontalenti of the Boboli Gardens in 1585, and from here into the Academy in 1909.
The gallery also contains a collection of paintings by Florentine artists and others such as Fra Bartolomeo, Filippino Lippi, the Perugino, Raffaellino del Garbo. There are also numerous works, such as the Madonna with Child, San Giovanni and angels of Botticelli (1445-1510) and venereal love of Pontormo (1494-1556), based on preparatory drawings of Michelangelo. In the exhibition there is also a panel of a The body of painted wood: the so-called Cassone Adimari, performed by Giovanni di San Giovanni said lo Scheggia, brother of Masaccio, toward the middle of the XV century. It is not sure that it was part of a wedding outfit. There are scenes of daily life Fiorentina on the occasion of an anniversary underlined by the costumes of the portrayed figures, background recognizable in the baptistery.
The Gallery includes other collections of particular interest, on the ground floor as the first floor dedicated to the Gipsoteca Bartolini, to the early medieval painting ("Byzantine") and "Giotto" (Taddeo Gaddi, Giovanni da Milano), to works of Lorenzo Monaco.